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China textile industry is going through the transfer of industry

Font Size: [Big][Mid][Small] 2013-5-22  Views: 844

  "Since the beginning of this century, China's manufacturing industry began to want to transfer the western inland areas scale from the southeast coastal areas, and has become a popular attention economic phenomenon in recent years. The textile and garment industry is the industry pioneer and backbone, actively participate in promoting at all levels of government and industry organizations and the majority of textile enterprises, has formed the multi-party cooperation and jointly promote the good situation of textile and garment industry transfer." China Textile Industry Association vice president Sun Ruizhe in the regional transfer of China's manufacturing industry recently held "and its impact" on social responsibility report briefing said. Thus, the regional transfer of China's textile industry was again referred to a height.

  In the Chinese textile industry is experiencing in the transfer of industry

  In the development in the textile industry in China, it is not difficult to see that China's textile industry industrial transfer can be said to have experienced three periods.

  In the first period: from 1949 since the founding of new China to 1978 before the reform and opening up. The textile industry "in this period from centralization to decentralization, from the southeast to the national" location transfer created the national textile and apparel production capacity, the influence of social history is to meet the basic needs of people's life in china.

  In: from the beginning of 1979, China started the construction of the world textile textile efforts. For the reform of state-owned enterprises in this period, especially in China's accession to the WTO, China's textile industry ushered in the opportunity to further enlarge and strengthen. And this time, take the lead in the development of regional advantage be richly endowed by nature and by the eastern region of China, to seize the developed countries and industries in Hong Kong and Taiwan transfer trend, to undertake the development of a large number of labor-intensive industries and processing industries, including textile and garment industry.

  In the protection under the push of these factors, China's textile and garment industry has had second whole location transfer, form a "from decentralization to centralization, from the national to the development pattern of" southeast.

  In the protection and third location from the beginning of this century the transfer, change at that time and the current economic and social conditions, based on, especially in the eastern industries begin to transfer to the central and western regions of the pace of investment, therefore, the textile and garment industry began "from east to west, from south to North" again transfer.

  :: so far, the transfer has been reconstructed the development prospects of China's textile and garment industry: from China's textile and garment industry static layout structure, the absolute main force east still seems to be the textile and garment industry, and from the dynamic layout structure, the central and western regions of the development of the industry is still in the rising contribution.

  In the industrial transfer: impact on social responsibility

  In the protection of Federation of Chinese textile industry in 11 provinces nationwide social responsibility Office (autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government), launched the "special investigation of structural transfer of Chinese textile and garment industry and its impact on corporate social responsibility.". The research object in addition to, the transferring enterprise, including local government, industry organizations and the employees and other stakeholders.

  In the investigation in the provinces of Guangdong Province out of place, Zhejiang Province, Shandong province; in provinces including Xinjiang, Gansu, Shaanxi, Shandong, Jiangxi, Anhui, Henan, Hubei, Chongqing. Investigation visit to 41 enterprises, of which, the transferring (local) enterprise 14, and transfer to transfer to turn to (into) 27 enterprises. The sample of enterprises into corporate investors from southeast coastal areas.

  In: through research can be seen, along with the popularization of social responsibility in recent years in China, especially the government enterprises to fulfill their social responsibility to guide and promote social concern and supervision and the practice of enterprise, in the enterprise to social responsibility consciousness and cognition degree and turn out the difference is narrowing. The specific point of view, industrial transfer is one of the direct impact to the created many employment opportunities for local, to be forced to leave one's hometown of former migrant workers employment to achieve localization, enhanced the local economic and social vitality.

  In: driven by many factors, the transfer of China's textile and garment enterprises from the southeast to the Midwest, regardless of the market, labor, or the resources and the environment, are the core factors bearing and reflect the enterprise social responsibility performance. These core elements, will be linked to the performance of social responsibility, have an important impact on the business partners, competitors, consumers, employees, communities and the environment and other related parties. In eastern China has nearly 70% enterprises have taken measures to transfer or are planning to transfer. Textile enterprises, especially the weaving industry enterprises, are gradually to the inland area of Western China to move. The majority of these enterprises in large scale, therefore, will also bring great influence in the area of social responsibility.

  In the "no matter in treatment of employees or environmental protection, the original do, after the transfer of businesses to do, for example, some people think that offer viscose factory, sewage directly into the desert, environmental impact, we think the wrong. We are not the transfer of pollution, the transfer of backward, but the transfer of industries, use it to your advantage of enterprise development." This is an eastern province of industry associations concerned about the transfer of enterprises to say a word. Chinese textile and garment zone transfer, manifestation of corporate social responsibility is reflected in the field of environmental protection. This transfer of government, the relevant departments, enterprises and the society also pays close attention to very much, this requires the transferring enterprise and transferred to the new enterprises to undertake the social responsibility of the enterprise.

  In the investigation into the Midwest in the display, the textile and clothing industry in the textile and garment manufacturing, this is the two relatively clean industry, and printing and dyeing link between manufacturing and garment transfer is less. The survey also found that, in the new environment affect the implementation of assessment and environmental protection system strictly, environmental protection facilities are more advanced, most enterprises can reach or even exceed the transferring both the enterprise level. Especially to transfer in accordance with unified planning and construction to the enterprises in the park, the environmental protection facilities to achieve the national and local government requirements.

  In: on the other hand, in the enterprise the real problem in the field of environmental protection is the environmental protection management level is relatively backward. Found through research, 80% in the enterprise to establish the environmental management system based on the requirements of environmental protection, but this figure is lower than the transferring enterprise 85.71% the proportion of. In addition, in turn, only 15.63% of employees understand the relevant environmental protection factory (sewage, waste or waste emissions) and save water and electricity and other requirements and system, and in turn, this proportion is 28.57%.

  In: through research, found also faces some real problems, in the industrial transfer process such as: Labor and land supply is not optimistic, transfer relative advantage gradually weakened, the restriction of environment evaluation index, entrepreneurs on the real economy investment confidence. Especially, in the enterprises in the social responsibility of the coping ability, management level and the driving mechanism and go out there is a big gap; and industrial transfer to the central and western regions do not necessarily reduce labor cost, also can not solve the hours of work and other systemic and structural problems. Whether in the industry transfer region or into the region, continued to enhance the impact of corporate social responsibility and corporate social responsibility performance requires local governments, industry organizations, value chain, business partners and other stakeholders and long-term efforts.